Brain Injury Disorders

Brain Injuries and the Disorders They Cause

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Almost all brain injuries are serious injuries. They can cause a range of disorders that range from altered states of consciousness to mental, emotional, and behavioral problems.

Read on for an in-depth look at some disorders related to brain injuries.

Altered States of Consciousness

A brain injury can cause a coma, vegetative state, state of minimal consciousness, or even locked-in syndrome. Comas often result from damage that affects every part of the brain, and if the victim doesn’t emerge from the coma, he or she may enter a vegetative state, in which the person may open his or her eyes, respond to sounds, or move but isn’t conscious.

Minimal consciousness is often a transitional state between a coma or vegetative condition and further recovery; the person demonstrates some awareness of his or her surroundings and self.

In locked-in syndrome, the person is fully conscious but can’t move or speak.

Other Physical Disorders Tied to Brain Injury

Some of the most common physical problems related to brain injuries are seizures. And although there are medications you can take to manage your seizures, you could experience them for the rest of your life. For many people with a brain injury, seizures are a consequence they have to deal with every day.

Seizures are often caused by a scar in the brain tissue, which causes an abnormal electrical disturbance. This can cause strange movements in your head or body, strange smells, sounds, or feelings, or even sudden tiredness or dizziness. Temporary loss of the ability to speak or understand others is also a common part of seizures.

In addition to seizures, many people who sustain a brain injury will suffer from other physical disorders, including the following:

  • Infections

  • Fluid buildup

  • Damage to blood vessels

Nerve damage may also occur and can lead to paralysis of the facial muscles, changes in vision or sense of smell, loss of physical sensation in the face, and problems swallowing.

Mental Health Disorders

Besides physical disorders, mental Health disorders may also come with brain injury. Mental disorders that occur due to brain damage can include cognitive and intellectual problems, such as problems with memory, reasoning, attention, problem-solving, decision-making, or organization.

Behavioral changes often occur, as well as problems with communication. Emotional and psychiatric disorders after brain injuries can include depression, anxiety, insomnia, loss of empathy, loss of self-control, trouble with social situations, risky behaviors, and physical or verbal outbursts.

All Brain Injuries Are Serious

Whether your brain injury was the result of a car accident or a football tackle, a brain injury is serious and likely something you’ll need to address for the rest of your life. In many cases, victims never recover completely, which means years of medical expenses and therapy.